The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is an international, non-profit organization that supports environmentally appropriate, socially beneficial, and economically viable management of the world's forests. Forest certification is a voluntary market mechanism through which forests are certified against a strict set of environmental and social standards. To be certified by FSC, forestry operations must be:
- Environmentally appropriate - the biodiversity, productivity and ecological processes of the forest must be maintained.
- Socially beneficial - local people, including First Nations, and society at large are to enjoy long-term benefits.
- Economically viable - forestry operations are managed to be sufficiently profitable, but not at the expense of the forest resources, the ecosystem or affected communities.