New WWF guide helps mariners steer clear of Arctic wildlife
With summer sea ice on the decline and industrial pressures increasing, shipping traffic in the Canadian Arctic has steadily risen. This is especially true in the eastern Arctic and around the community of Pond Inlet and the Mary River iron ore mine. Ships servicing the Baffinland mining operation are increasing at a staggering pace, jumping from 10 transits in 2014 to upwards of 160 transits predicted this year. This new and changing reality has prompted World Wildlife Fund Canada to publish the Eastern Arctic Mariner’s Guide, to help mariners minimize shipping-related disruption to wildlife and northern communities.
WWF-Canada is putting the guide directly into the hands of shipping company owners, operators and federal regulators.
This guide was developed after the success and broad adoption of the Mariner's Guide to Hudson Strait, published last year.
Paul Crowley, vice-president of Arctic conservation for WWF-Canada, says:
“The enthusiasm with which the original Mariner’s Guide was voluntarily adopted by industry clearly showed a need and a desire for a tool of this kind, to help mariners minimize disruptions to important habitat. Without this kind of information built into voyage planning, mariners have no way of knowing when they are crossing through sensitive wildlife areas or community travel routes. While the willingness to plan wildlife-friendly routes and limit impacts on communities may be there, the ability to do so in the eastern Arctic was limited before now.”
Karla Abbot, habitat specialist, Canadian Wildlife Service, says:
“During the early stages of the development of the guide, WWF met in Pond Inlet with members of the Asungasungaat Area Co-management Committee for Bylot Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary. The Canadian Wildlife Service convenes community members in this committee to issue review permit applications and discuss management planning for the area in and around the Bylot Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary. Shipping impacts are a significant concern to the committee and it is felt that more awareness of permitting requirements, sensitive areas and community travel routes and uses is needed to reduce impacts in the region. The Mariner’s Guide is a good tool to do that. Our hope is that all ships will have a copy on board and follow the guidelines to limit disturbance in the area.”
Captain David (Duke) Snider, CEO of Martech Polar Consulting, says:
“In its newly released Eastern Arctic marine mammal graphic pictorial guides, WWF has once again produced invaluable references for mariners to refer to while passage planning and executing voyages in Arctic waters. The simple, descriptive graphics provide mariners with both excellent marine mammal species identification for those mammals that might be encountered in these waters, as well as locations of conservation and sensitivity that should be avoided. Well done WWF.”
Tim Soucie, community-based researcher, says:
“Shipping around my community of Pond Inlet has drastically increased over the past few years, mainly due to tourism and ships servicing the Baffinland mine. Activities like these have the potential to interfere with community uses, disturbing and disrupting our ability to feed our families. The WWF Mariner’s Guide is very informative. It allows the shipping industry to become aware of important sensitive areas, reducing impacts and conflicts in my region.”
How ship traffic affects marine mammals:
- Noise from ships can make it difficult for whales to communicate with each other and can disturb sensitive walrus habitat.
- Passing ships can disrupt feeding patterns and will often drive marine mammals away from their usual habitat.
- Icebreaking can damage on-ice caribou migration routes.
- Shipping during ice formation interferes with the natural ice freeze-up, introducing cracks into the new ice sheet that make it unstable.
- Fragmented ice at the beginning of the season could postpone whale migration to wintering grounds, increasing the risk that whales will become trapped in the ice after the winter freeze-up.
About the Eastern Arctic Mariner's Guide:
- Made up of three large posters to be hung on a ship’s bridge:
- Visual identification chart that will help mariners recognize whales, seals, polar bears and walruses.
- Maps of critical habitat, migration routes and calving areas.
- Maps indicating designated conservation areas and ice, including community on-ice travel routes and caribou sea-ice crossings.
- Recommends courses of action regarding sensitive whale habitats, walrus habitat, caribou sea-ice crossings, shipping in polynyas and around floe edges, ice-breaking and Inuit travel routes as well as a tourism exclusion zone and travel speed.
- Lists phone numbers so mariners can report sightings and incidents at both the national and community level, and provides operational guidance when close to or encountering marine mammals.
- Developed with input from federal and territorial governments, Inuit organizations, industry, Arctic operators, academics and other non-governmental organizations.
About World Wildlife Fund Canada
WWF-Canada creates solutions to the environmental challenges that matter most for Canadians. We work in places that are unique and ecologically important, so that nature, wildlife and people thrive together. Because we are all wildlife. For more information, visit wwf.ca.
For further information
Stephanie Normandin, communications specialist, firstname.lastname@example.org, +1 514 394 1661